Our Ecuador Amazon tours explore the Napo River system, the largest river in Ecuador and a major tributary of the Amazon. Despite being one of the smaller South American countries, Ecuador is home to a huge variety of species, many of them endemic, making it an ideal destination with really easy and fast access for an Amazon Tour.
The biodiversity of plant species in the Amazon is the highest on Earth with estimates that one square kilometer (247 acres) contains more than a thousand types of trees and thousands of species of other higher plants. A 2001 study discovered that a quarter square kilometer (62 acres) of Ecuadorian rainforest supports at least 1, 100 tree species. To date, an estimated 438, 000 species of plants of economic and social interest have been registered in the region with many more remaining to be discovered or catalogued.
Not only does the country boast virgin Amazon rainforest, it also administers the Galápagos Islands, which has a whole plethora of unique species. As a result of this species diversity, Ecuador is one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Ecuador's 2008 Constitution is the first in the world to recognize legally enforceable Rights of Nature, meaning ecosystem rights.
Moreover, Ecuador has played a crucial part in the history of Amazon, for the name 'Amazon' is said to have arisen from a war the Spanish conquistador, Francisco de Orellana, fought with a tribe of Tapuyas. The women of the tribe fought alongside the men, as was customary, which inspired Orellana to give them the name 'Amazonas' from the ancient Amazons of Asia and Africa, described by Herodotus and Diodorus in Greek legends. Orellana had begun his Amazon voyage from Quito in Ecuador.