Delhi, the capital of India, is a city of marvellous contrast. Its past and present mesh seamlessly to make it an exciting palace to visit. The sprawling modern metropolis of Delhi enfolds within its limits the remains of seven earlier cities. Today the imposing forts and tombs of these earlier times co-exist comfortable with the elegant edifices of the British Raj and modern high rise buildings. Cool tree-lined avenues with their whitewashed bungalows are as much a part of the city's charms as the ordered chaos of the arrow lanes and busy bazaars of the walled city of Shahjahanabad.
Delhi is a microcosm of India a marvellousmix of people and traditions where museums and cultural centers offer the finest exhibits, art and the best performance from around the country.
Delhi's fascinating bazaars and markets spillover with the finest that India has to offer handicrafts, garments, fabrics and jewellery-making shopping a special delight.
A major gateway into India, Delhi is the logical start to an exploration of northern India. It is also a part of the Golden Triangle, an exciting circuit of the three magnificent Cities of
Delhi-Agra -Jaipur. Places
The magnificent Red Fort or Lal Qila was built by the emperor Shah Jahan and is a part of the walled city of Shahjahanabad. Within its fortifications are exquisite palaces, a finely proportioned mosque the Moti Masjid or Pearl Mosque, the Diwan-E -Aam or hall of public audiece and the finely ornamented Diwan-Khas or hall of private audience, where the Mughal emperors held court seated on the bejewelled golden Peacock Throe.
The great mosque of Old Delhi is both 1 largest in India and the final architecture extravagance of Shah Jahan. Commences 1644, the mosque was not completed 1658. It has three great gateways, four an towers and two minarets standing 40 met high and constructed of alternating verity strips of red sandstone and white marble.
Broad flights of steps lead up to the imposing gateways. The eastern gateway was originally only opened for the emperor, and now only open on Fridays and Musleem festival days. The general public can enter either the north or south gate Shoes should be removed and those people considered unsuitably dressed (bare legs for either men or women) can hire robes at the Northgate. The courtyard of the mosque has a capacity of 25, 000 people. For it's possible climb the southern minaret, and the views all directions arc superb-Old Delhi, the Red Fort and the polluting factories beyond it across the river, and New Delhi to the south.
You can also see one of the features that the architect Lutyens incorporated into his design of New Delhi - the Jama Masjid, Connaught Place and Sansad Bhavan (Par-liament House) are in a direct line. There's also a fine view of the Red port from the east side of the mosque.
Feroz shah Kotla
Erected by Feroz Shah Tughlaq in 1354, the ruins of Ferozabad, the fifth city of Delhi can be found at Feroz Shah Kotla, Just off Bahadur Shah Zafur Marg between the old and new Delhi's. In the frortress-places is a 13-metre-high sadstone Ashoka pillar inscribed with Ashoa's edicts The remains of an old mosque and a fine well can also be seen in the area, but most of the ruins of Ferozabad were used for the construction of later cities.
North-east of Feroz Shah Kotla, on the banks of the Yamuna, a simple square platform of black marble marks of the spot where Mahatma Gandhi was cremated following his assassination in 1948. A commemorative ceremony takes place each Friday, the day he was killed. The Raj Ghat area is now a beautiful park complete with labeled trees planted by a mixed bag of notables including Queen Eliabeth II, Gough Whitlam Dwight Eisenhower and Ho Chi Minn !
How To Get There
By Public Transport - Take Bus number 313/851 Near Pragati Maidan, Supreme Court, I. T. O. and walk 100 metres; or
Take bus number 753 at Old Delhi Railway Station, Chandni Chowk, Red Fort and walk 125 metres; or
Take bus number 522/490 at Scindia House, Shivaji Stadium, Janpath (Connaught Palace) and walk 125 metres; or
Take bus number 522/490 near the India Gate at National Museum near Rashtrapati Bhawan and walk 125 metres; or
Take bus number 181 at Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway station, Parliament House and walk 125 metres;
Take bus number 753 at flyover New Delhi Reilway station and walk 100 metres.
Other options include : airport transfer (approx. Rs. 300), taxi (approx. Rs. 350) or a
Airport Indira Gandhi International 16 kms (Pickup Complimantary )